P-REX lab is a research group focused on environmental issues caused by urbanization, including the design, remediation, and reuse of landscapes worldwide. Over the past decade we have become specialists on suburban development and mobility issues, particularly related to future autonomous mobility. All of our research and work emphasizes the link between our consumption of natural resources, and the waste and destruction of landscape, to help us better understand how to proceed with redesigning around our wasteful lifestyles for more intelligent design and development outcomes. Unlike conventional practice, there are no scalar limits in our outlook or pedagogy: projects are defined by the extent of the urban and environmental problems being addressed. We coined the term “Systemic Design” to describe our approach to urbanization, which considers the entire urban enterprise as one holistic system that can be improved through design thinking.


Alan M. Berger is Professor of Landscape Architecture and Urbanism at Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Department of Urban Studies & Planning, and Director Emeritus/Norman B. and Muriel Leventhal Professor of Advanced Urbanism at MIT's Center for Advanced Urbanism. His classes on Green Infrastructure, Carbonless Urbanization, and Sustainable Landscapes are open to the entire MIT community regardless of background. Berger has published, lectured and exhibited worldwide, including with The World Economic Forum, New York Times, Economist, NPR, and over 100 other top media outlets. He currently serves on the steering committee of the Center of Excellence on New Mobility and Automated Vehicles of the U.S. Federal Highway Administration at UCLA. Since 2008 Berger has served as a “Urban Futurist” for Toyota Research North America and Toyota Mobility Foundation, researching new city form based on carbonless mobility.

His most recent book is A Blueprint for Coastal Adaptation: Uniting Design, Economics, and Policy (with Carolyn Kousky and Billy Fleming: Island Press 2021). His other recent award winning book is Infinite Suburbia (with Joel Kotkin, Celina Balderas Guzman), a global perspective on suburban expansion. In addition he has published the award winning books Drosscape: Wasting Land in Urban America, and Reclaiming the American West. His other books include Designing the Reclaimed Landscape, The Infrastructural Monument and Scaling Infrastructure (with Alexander D'Hooghe), Nansha Coastal City: Landscape and Urbanism in the Pearl River Delta (with Margaret Crawford), Systemic Design Can Change the World and Landscape + Urbanism Around the Bay of Mumbai (with Rahul Mehrotra).

Prior to MIT, Berger was Associate Professor of Landscape Architecture at Harvard-GSD, 2002-2008. He is a Prince Charitable Trusts Fellow of The American Academy in Rome.


P-REX originated in 2002 at Harvard-GSD as The Project for Reclamation Excellence, a sustained effort to understand, represent and design reclaimed environments associated with large-scale natural resource extraction. Simply referred to today as P-REX lab, our portfolio of work demonstrates that landscape alteration, whether from relic industrial processes or new urbanization, is a ubiquitous, global condition. We research and practice through a highly targeted application of custom workflows developed to understand and solve each particular problem. 


Jonah Susskind (Research Co-Director)

Chenhao Zhu

Hazel O'Neil Backus

Hannah Leung


  • Mario Giampieri
  • Charlotte Jones
  • David Birge
  • Eve Allen
  • Eric Wong
  • Ali Al-Sammarraie
  • Bella Purdy
  • Michael Wilson
  • Sneha Mandhan
  • Celina Balderas Guzman
  • Xinhui Li
  • Pamela Bellavita Carvajal
  • Laura Li
  • Dennis Harvey
  • Esther Chung
  • Sara Brown
  • Jocelyn Drummond
  • Ethan Lay-Sleeper
  • Ryan Kurlbaum
  • Ann-Ariel Vecchio
  • Aisling O'Carroll
  • Caitlin Cameron
  • Matti Wirth
  • Hope Stege
  • Jeff Rominger
  • Elizabeth Fain
  • Richard Kennedy
  • Rachel Loeffler
  • Pippa Brashear
  • Gena Wirth
  • Gary Leggett
  • Scott Melbourne
  • Sarah Cowles
  • Alice Feng
  • Megumi Aihara
  • Kim Bragati
  • Gale Fulton
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